Paragraphs in "Interim Convention On Conservation Of North Pacific Fur Seals" coded as SUBS

Displaying 1 - 46 of 46
Label Provision
Art.2 Article II
Art.2.1 1. In order to realize the objectives of this Convention, the Parties agree to co-ordinate necessary scientific research programs and to cooperate in investigating the fur seal resources of the North Pacific Ocean to determine:
Art.2.1.a a) what measures may be necessary to make possible the maximum sustainable productivity of the fur seal resources so that the fur seal populations can be brought to and maintained at the levels which will provide the greatest harvest year after year; and
Art.2.1.b b) what the relationship is between fur seals and other living marine resources and whether fur seals have detrimental effects on other living marine resources substantially exploited by any of the Parties and, if so, to what extent.
Art.2.2 2. The research referred to in the preceding paragraph shall include studies of the following subjects:
Art.2.2.a a) size of each fur seal herd and its age and sex composition;
Art.2.2.b b) natural mortality of the different age groups and recruitment of young to each age or size class at present and subsequent population levels;
Art.2.2.c c) with regard to each of the herds, the effect upon the magnitude of recruitment of variations in the size and the age and sex composition of the annual kill;
Art.2.2.d d) migration routes of fur seals and their wintering areas;
Art.2.2.e e) numbers of seals from each herd found on the migration routes and in wintering areas and their ages and sexes;
Art.2.2.f f) relationship between fur seals and other living marine resources, including the extent to which fur seals affect commercial fish catches, the damage fur seals inflict on fishing gear, and the effect of commercial fisheries on the fur seals;
Art.2.2.g g) effectiveness of each method of sealing from the viewpoint of management and rational utilization of fur seal resources for conservation purposes;
Art.2.2.h h) quality of sealskins by sex, age, and time and method of sealing;
Art.2.2.i i) effect of man-caused environmental changes on the fur seal populations; and
Art.2.2.j j) other subjects involved in achieving the objectives of the Convention, as determined by the Commission established under Article V, paragraph 1.
Art.2.3 3. In furtherance of the research referred to in this Article, the Parties agree:
Art.2.3.a a) to continue to mark adequate numbers of pups;
Art.2.3.b b) to devote to pelagic research an effort which, to the greatest extent possible, should be similar in extent to that expended in recent years, provided that this shall not involve the annual taking by all the Parties combined of more than 2,500 seals in the Eastern and more than 2,200 seals in the Western Pacific Oceans, unless the Commission, pursuant to Article V, paragraph 3, shall decide otherwise, and
Art.2.3.c c) to carry out the determinations made by the Commission pursuant to Article V, paragraph 3.
Art.2.4 4. Each Party agrees to provide the Commission annually with information on:
Art.2.4.a a) number of black pups tagged for each breeding area;
Art.2.4.b b) number of fur seals, by sex and estimated age, taken at sea and on each breeding area; and
Art.2.4.c c) tagged seals recovered on land and at sea;
Art.2.4.dx And, so far as is practicable, other information pertinent to scientific research which the Commission may request.
Art.2.5 5. The Parties further agree to provide for the exchange of scientific personnel; each such exchange shall be subject to mutual consent of the Parties directly concerned.
Art.2.6 6. The Parties agree to use for the scientific pelagic research provided for in this Article only government-owned or government-chartered vessels operating under strict control of their respective authorities. Each Party shall communicate to the other Parties the names and descriptions of vessels which are to be used for pelagic research.
Art.3 Article III
Art.3.1x In order to realize the purposes of the Convention, including the carrying out of the co-ordinated and co-operative research, each Party agrees to prohibit pelagic sealing, except as provided in Article II, paragraph 3 in the Pacific Ocean north of the 30th parallel of north latitude including the seas of Bering, Okhotsk, and Japan by any person or vessel subject to its jurisdiction.
Art.8 Article VIII
Art.8.1 1. Each Party agrees that no person or vessel shall be permitted to use any of its ports or harbors or any part of its territory for any purpose designed to violate the prohibition set forth in Article III.
Art.8.2 2. Each Party also agrees to prohibit the importation and delivery into and the traffic within its territories of skins of fur seals taken in the area of the North Pacific Ocean mentioned in Article III, except only those taken by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the United States of America on rookeries, those taken at sea for research purposes in accordance with Article II, paragraph 3, those taken under the provisions of Article VII, those confiscated under the provisions of Article VI, paragraphs 5, and those inadvertently captured which are taken possession of by a Party; provided however, that all such excepted skins shall be officially marked and duly certified by the authorities of the Party concerned.
Art.9 Article IX
Art.9.1 1. The respective Parties agree that, of the total number of sealskins taken commercially each season on land, there shall at the end of the season be delivered a percentage of the gross in number and value thereof as follows: By the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Art.9.1.bx to Canada 15 per cent to Japan 15 per cent
Art.9.1.dx By the United States of America
Art.9.1.ex to Canada 15 per cent
Art.9.1.fx to Japan 15 per cent
Art.9.2 2. Each Party agrees to deliver such sealskins to an authorized agent of the recipient Party at the place of taking, or at some other place mutually agreed upon by such Parties.
Art.9.3 3. The respective Parties will seek to ensure the utilization of those methods for the capture and killing and marking of fur seals on land or at sea which will spare the fur seals pain and suffering to the greatest extent practicable.
Art.10 Article X
Art.10.1 1. Each Party agrees to enact and enforce such legislation as may be necessary to guarantee the observance of this Convention and to make effective its provisions with appropriate penalties for violation thereof.
Art.10.2 2. The Parties further agree to co-operate with each other in taking such measures as may be appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Convention, including the prohibition of pelagic sealing as provided for by Article III.
Art.11 Article XI
Art.11.1x The Parties agree to meet in the twenty-second year after entry into force of the Convention to consider the recommendations in accordance with Article V, paragraph 2(e) and to determine what further agreements may be desirable in order to achieve the maximum sustainable productivity of the North Pacific fur seal herds.