Paragraphs in "ASEAN Agreement On The Conservation Of Nature And Natural Resources" coded as SUBS

Displaying 1 - 178 of 178
Label Provision
Art.1 ARTICLE 1
Art.1.1 (1) The Contracting Parties, within the frame- work of their respective national laws, under- take to adopt singly, or where necessary and appropriate through concerted action, the measures necessary to maintain essential ecological process and life-support systems, to preserve genetic diversity, and to ensure the sustainable utilization of harvested natural resources under their jurisdiction in accordance with scientific principles and with a view to attaining the goal of sustainable development.
Art.1.2 (2) To this end they shall develop national conservation strategies, and shall co-ordinate such strategies within the framework of a conservation strategy for the Region.
Art.2 ARTICLE 2
Art.2.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall take all necessary measures, within the framework of their respective national laws, to ensure that conservation and management of natural resources are treated as an integral part of development planning at all stages and at all levels.
Art.2.2 (2) To that effect they shall, in the formulation of all development plans, give as full consideration to ecological factors as to economic and social ones.
Art.2.3 (3) The Contracting Parties shall, where necessary, take appropriate action with a view to conserving and managing natural resources of significant importance for two or several Contracting Parties.
Sect.2 CHAPTER II
Art.3 ARTICLE 3
Art.3.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall, wherever possible, maintain maximum genetic diversity by taking action aimed at ensuring the survival and promoting the conservation of all species under their jurisdiction and control.
Art.3.2 (2) To that end, they shall adopt appropriate measures to conserve animal and plant species whether terrestrial, marine and freshwater, and more specifically
Art.3.2.a (a) conserve natural, terrestrial, freshwater and coastal or marine habitats;
Art.3.2.b (b) ensure sustainable use of harvested species;
Art.3.2.c (c) protect endangered species;
Art.3.2.d (d) conserve endemic species; and
Art.3.2.e (e) take all measures in their power to prevent the extinction of any species or sub-species.
Art.3.3 (3) in order to fulfill the aims of the preceding paragraphs of this Article the Contracting Parties shall in particular endeavour to
Art.3.3.a (a) create and maintain protected areas;
Art.3.3.b (b) regulate the taking of species and prohibit unselective taking methods;
Art.3.3.c (c) regulate and, where necessary, prohibit the introduction of exotic species;
Art.3.3.d (d) promote and establish gene banks and other documented collections of animal and plant genetic resources.
Art.4 ARTICLE 4
Art.4.1x The Contracting Parties shall pay special attention to harvested species, and, to that effect, shall endeavour to develop, adopt and implement management plans for those species, based on scientific studies and aiming at
Art.4.1x.a (a) preventing decrease in the size of any harvested population to levels below those which ensure its stable recruitment and the stable recruitment of those species which are dependent upon, or related to them;
Art.4.1x.b (b) maintaining the ecological relationship between harvested, dependent and related populations of living resources of the ecosystem considered
Art.4.1x.c (c) restoring depleted populations to at least the levels referred to in sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph;
Art.4.1x.d (d) preventing changes or minimizing risk of changes in the ecosystem considered which are not reversible over a reasonable period of time.
Art.4.2x Take the appropriate and necessary legislative and administrative measures on harvesting activities in the light of their national interests whereby
Art.4.2x.a (a) such activities must conform to the management plans referred to above;
Art.4.2x.b (b) the conduct of such activities is controlled by a permit system;
Art.4.2x.c (c) all indiscriminate means of taking and the use of all means capable of causing local extinction of, or serious disturbance to, populations of a species of related species are prohibited;
Art.4.2x.d (d) such activities are prohibited or strictly regulated at certain periods, seasons or places of importance in the life cycle of the species;
Art.4.2x.e (e) such activities may be regulated more strictly, temporarily or locally in order to assist restoration of population levels or counterbalance any threat caused by special circumstances;
Art.4.2x.f (f) special measures, such as restocking, are provided for whenever the conservation status of species so warrants;
Art.4.2x.g (g) trade and possession of specimens or products of specimens are regulated whenever such regulations meaningfully contribute to the implementation of the harvesting regulations;
Art.5 ARTICLE 5
Art.5.1x Appendix I to this Agreement shall list endangered species recognized by the Contracting Parties as of prime importance to the Region and deserving special attention. The Appendix shall be adopted by a meeting of the Contracting Parties; Accordingly, Contracting Parties shall, wherever possible,
Art.5.1x.a (a) prohibit the taking of these species, except for exceptional circumstances by special allowance from the designated authorities of the Contracting Parties;
Art.5.1x.b (b) regulate the trade in and possession of specimens and products of those species accordingly;
Art.5.1x.c (c) especially protect habitat of those species by ensuring that sufficient portions are included in protected areas;
Art.5.1x.d (d) take all other necessary measures to improve their, conservation status, and restore their populations to the highest possible level.
Art.5.2 (2) Each Contracting Party shall, whenever Possible, apply the above measures to species endangered at national level.
Art.5.3 (3) The Contracting Parties recognize their special responsibility in respect of species that are endemic to areas under their Jurisdiction and shall undertake accordingly to take, wherever possible, all the necessary measures to maintain the population of such species at the highest possible level.
Art.6 ARTICLE 6
Art.6.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall, in view of the role of vegetation and forest cover in the functioning of natural ecosystems, take all necessary measures to ensure the conservation of the vegetation cover and in particular of the forest cover on lands under their jurisdiction.
Art.6.2 (2) They shall, in particular, endeavour to
Art.6.2.a (a) - control clearance of vegetation;
Art.6.2.a.ix - endeavour to prevent bush and forest fires;
Art.6.2.a.iix - prevent overgrazing by, inter alia, limiting grazing activities to periods and intensities that will not prevent regeneration of the vegetation;
Art.6.2.b (b) regulate mining and mineral exploration operations with a view to minimizing disturbance of vegetation and to requiring the rehabilitation of vegetation after such operations;
Art.6.2.c (c) set aside areas as forest reserves, inter alia, with a view to conserve the natural forest genetic resources;
Art.6.2.d (d) in reforestation and afforestation planning avoid as far as possible monoculture causing ecological imbalance;
Art.6.2.e (e) designate areas whose primary function shall be the,. maintenance of soil quality in the catchment considered and the regulation of the quantity and quality of the water delivered from it;
Art.6.2.f (f) ensure to the maximum extent possible the conservation of their natural forests, particularly mangroves with a view, inter alia, to maintaining maximum forest species diversity;
Art.6.2.g (g) develop their forestry management plans on the basis of ecological principles with a view to, maintaining potential for optimum sustained yield and avoiding depletion of the resource capital.
Art.7 ARTICLE 7
Art.7.1x The Contracting Parties shall, in view of the role of soil in the functioning of natural ecosystems, take measures, wherever possible towards soil conservation, improvement and rehabilitation; they shall, in particular, endeavour to take steps to prevent soil erosion and other forms of degradation, and promote measures which safeguard the processes of organic decomposition and thereby its continuing fertility. To that effect, they shall, in particular, endeavour to
Art.7.1x.a (a) establish land use policies aimed at avoiding losses of Vegetation cover, substantial soil loss, ad damages to the structure of the soil;
Art.7.1x.b (b) take all necessary measures to control erosion, especially as it may affect coastal or freshwater ecosystems leading to silation, of downstream areas such as lakes or vulnerable ecosystems such as coral reefs, or damage critical habitats, in particular that of endangered or endemic species;
Art.7.1x.c (c) take appropriate measures to rehabilitate eroded or degraded soils including rehabilitation of soil affected by mineral exploitation.
Art.8 ARTICLE 8
Art.8.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall, in view of the role of water in the functioning of natural ecosystems, take all appropriate measures towards the conservation of their underground and surface water resources.
Art.8.2 (2) They shall to that effect, in particular, endeavour to
Art.8.2.a (a) undertake and promote the necessary hydrological research especially with a view to ascertaining the characteristics of each watershed;
Art.8.2.b (b) regulate and control water utilization with a view to achieving sufficient and continuous supply of water for, inter alia, the maintenance of natural life supporting systems and aquatic fauna and flora:
Art.8.2.c (c) when planning and carrying out water resource development projects take fully into account possible effects of .h projects on natural processes or on other renewable natural resources and prevent or minimize such effects.
Art.9 ARTICLE 9
Art.9.1x The Contracting Parties shall in view of the role of air in the functioning of natural ecosystems, endeavour to take all appropriate measures towards air quality management compatible with sustainable development.
Sect.3 CHAPTER III
Art.10 ARTICLE 10
Art.10.1x The Contracting Parties, with a view to maintaining the proper functioning of ecological processes, undertake, wherever possible, to prevent, reduce and control degradation of the natural environment and, to this end, shall endeavour to undertake, in addition to specific measures referred to in the following article;
Art.10.1x.a (a) to promote environmentally sound agricultural practices by inter alia, controlling the application of pesticides, fertilizers and other chemical products for agricultural use, and by ensuring that agricultural development schemes, in particular for wetland drainage or forest clearance, pay due regard to the need to protect critical habitats as well as endangered and economically important species;
Art.10.1x.b (b) to promote pollution control and the development of environmentally sound industrial processes and products;
Art.10.1x.c (c) to promote adequate economic or fiscal incentives for the purposes of sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) above;
Art.10.1x.d (d) as far as possible to consider the originator of the activity which may lead to environmental degradation responsible for its prevention, reduction and control as well as, wherever possible, for rehabilitation and remedial measures required;
Art.10.1x.e (e) t. take into consideration, when authorizing activities likely to affect the natural environment, the foreseeable interactions between the new activities proposed and those already taking place in the same area, and the result of such interactions on the air, waters and soils of the area;
Art.10.1x.f (f) to pay particular attention to the regulation of activities which may have adverse effects on processes which are ecologically essential or on areas which are parti- cularly important or sensitive from an ecological point of vie., such as the breeding and feeding grounds of harvested species.
Art.11 ARTICLE 11
Art.11.1x The Contracting Parties, recognizing the adverse effect that polluting discharges or Missions may have on natural processes and the functioning of natural ecosystems as well as on each of the individual ecosystem components especially animal and plants species, shall endeavour to prevent, reduce and control such discharges, emissions or applications in particular by
Art.11.1x.a (a) submitting activities likely to cause pollution of the air, soil, freshwater, or the marine environment, to control which shall take into consideration both the- cumulative effects of the pollutants concerned and the self-purificating aptitude of the recipient natural environment;
Art.11.1x.b (b) making such controls conditional on, inter alia, appropriate treatment of polluting emissions; and
Art.11.1x.c (c) establishing national environmental quality monitoring programmes, particular attention being paid to the effects of pollution on natural ecosystems, and co-operation in such programmes for the Region as a whole.
Sect.4 CHAPTER IV
Art.12 ARTICLE 12
Art.12.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall, wherever possible in the implementation of their development planning, give particular attention to the national allocation of land usage. They shall endeavour to take the necessary measures to ensure the integration of natural resource conservation into the land use planning process and shall, in the preparation and implementation of specific land use plans at all levels, give as full consideration as possible to ecological factors as to economic and social ones. in order to achieve optimum sustainable land us they undertake to base their land use plans as far as possible on the ecological capacity of the land.
Art.12.2 (2) The Contracting Parties shall in carrying out the provisions of paragraph (1) above, particularly consider the importance of retaining the naturally high productivity of areas such as coastal zones and wetlands.
Art.12.3 (3) They shall, where appropriate, co-ordinate their land use planning with a view to conserving and managing natural resources of significant importance for two or several Contracting Parties.
Art.13 ARTICLE 13
Art.13.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall as appropriate establish, in areas under their jurisdiction, terrestrial, freshwater, coastal or marine protected areas for the purpose of safeguarding
Art.13.1.a (a) the ecological and biological processes essential to the functioning of the ecosystems of the Region;
Art.13.1.b (b) representative samples of all types of ecosystems of the Region;
Art.13.1.c (c) satisfactory population levels for the largest possible number of species of fauna and flora belonging to those ecosystems; .
Art.13.1.d (d) areas of particular importance because of their scientific, educational, aesthetic, or cultural interests; and taking into account their importance in particular as:
Art.13.1.d.a (a) the natural habitat of species of fauna and flora; particularly rare or endangered or endemic species;
Art.13.1.d.b (b) zones necessary for the maintenance of exploitable stocks of economically important species; (c) pools of genetic material and said refuge for species, especially endangered ones;
Art.13.1.d (d) sites of ecological, aesthetic or cultural interest;
Art.13.1.e (e) reference sources for scientific research;
Art.13.1.f (f) areas for environmental education.
Art.13.1.gx They shall, in particular, take all measures possible in their power to preserve those areas which are of an exceptional character and are peculiar to their country or the Region as well as those which constitute the critical habitats of endangered or rare species, of species that are endemic to a small area and of species that migrate between countries of Contracting Parties.
Art.13.2 (2) Protected areas established pursuant to this Agreement shall be regulated and managed in such a way as to further the objectives for the purpose of which they have been created. Contracting Parties shall, wherever possible, prohibit within such protected areas activities which are inconsistent with such objectives.
Art.13.3 (3) Protected areas shall include
Art.13.3.a (a) National Parks
Art.13.3.a.i (i) This expression denotes natural areas that are sufficiently large to allow for ecological self-regulation of one or several ecosystems, and which have not been substantially altered by human occupation or exploitation.
Art.13.3.a.ii (ii) National Parks shall be placed under public control, their boundaries shall not be altered nor shall any portion of any National Park be alienated except by the highest competent authority.
Art.13.3.a.iii (iii) National Parks shall be dedicated to conservation and to scientific, educational and recreational uses and the common welfare of the people.
Art.13.3.b (b) Reserves
Art.13.3.b.i (i) This expression denotes areas set aside for the purpose of preserving a specific ecosystem, the critical habitat of certain species of fauna or flora, a water catchment area or for any other specific purpose relating to the conservation of natural resources or objects or areas of scientific, aesthetic, cultural, educational or recreational interest.
Art.13.3.b.ii (ii) After reserves have been established their boundaries shall not be altered nor shall any portion of such reserves be alienated except by the authority establishing them or by higher authority.
Art.13.3.3.b.iii (iii) Reserves shall be dedicated to the purposes for which they have been created and, in the light of the national interests of the Contracting Parties any activity inconsistent with such purposes shall be prohibited.
Art.13.4 (4) Contracting Parties shall, in respect of any protected area established pursuant to this Agreement
Art.13.4.a (a) prepare a management plan and manage the area on the basis of this plan;
Art.13.4.b (b) establish, wherever appropriate, terrestrial or aquatic buffer zones that shall be located around protected areas and which, in the case of marine areas, may include coastal land areas or watersheds of rivers flowing into the protected area; in such buffer zones all activities that may have harmful consequences on the ecosystems that such areas purport to protect shall be prohibited or regulated and activities which are consistent with the purpose of the protected area shall be promoted.
Art.13.5 (5) Contracting Parties shall, in respect of any protected area established pursuant to this Agreement, endeavour to
Art.13.5.a (a) prohibit the introduction of exotic animal or plant species;
Art.13.5.b (b) prohibit the use or release of toxic substances or pollutants which could cause disturbance or damage to protected ecosystems or to the species they contain;
Art.13.5.c (c) to the maximum extent possible, prohibit or control any activity exercised outside protected areas when such an activity is likely to cause disturbance or damage to the ecosystems or species that such protected areas purport to protect.
Art.13.6 (6) Contracting Parties shall co-operate in the development of principles, objectives, criteria and guidelines for the selection establishment and management of protected areas in the Region with a view to establishing a co-ordinated network of protected areas throughout the Region, giving particular attention to those of regional importance. An Appendix containing such principles, objectives, criteria and guidelines shall be drawn up in the light of the best scientific evidence as adapted to the conservation requirements of the Region and shall be adopted by a meeting of Contracting Parties.
Art.13.7 (7) in addition to the establishment of the protected areas referred to in paragraph 3 of this Article, Contracting Parties shall promote, through the adoption of appropriate measures the conservation of natural areas by private owners, community or local authorities.
Art.14 ARTICLE 14
Art.14.1 (1) The Contracting Parties undertake that proposals for any activity which may significantly affect the natural environment shall as far as possible be subjected to an assessment of their consequences before they are adopted, and they shall take into consideration the results of this assessment in their decision-making process.
Art.14.2 (2) In those cases where any such activities are undertaken, the Contracting Parties shall plan and carry them out so as to overcome or minimize any assessed adverse effects and shall monitor such effects with a vie, to taking remedial action as appropriate.
Sect.5 CHAPTER V
Art.16 ARTICLE 16
Art.16.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall endeavour to promote adequate coverage of conservation and management of natural resources in education programmes at all levels.
Art.16.2 (2) They shall circulate as widely as possible information on the significance of conservation measures and their relationship with sustainable development objectives, and shall, as far as possible, organize participation of the public in the planning and implementation of conservation measures.
Art.16.3 (3) Contracting Parties shall endeavour to, individually or in cooperation with other Contracting Parties or appropriate inter- national organizations, develop the programmes and facilities necessary to train adequate and sufficient scientific and technical personnel to fulfill the aims of this Agreement.
Art.17 ARTICLE 17
Art.17.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall identify or maintain the administrative machinery necessary to implement the provisions of this Agreement, and, here several government- al institutions are involved, create the necessary coordinating mechanism for the authorities dealing with designated aspects of the environment.
Art.17.2 (2) They shall endeavour to allocate sufficient funds to the task necessary for the implementation of this Agreement, as well as sufficient qualified personnel with adequate enforcement powers.
Sect.6 CHAPTER VI
Art.18 ARTICLE 18
Art.18.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall cooperate together and with the competent inter- national organizations with a view to co-ordinating their activities in the field of conservation of nature and management of natural resources and assisting each other in fulfilling their obligations under this Agreement.
Art.18.2 (2) To that effect, they shall endeavour
Art.18.2.a (a) to collaborate in monitoring activities;
Art.18.2.b (b) to the greatest extent possible, coordinate their research activities;
Art.18.2.c (c) to use comparable or standardized research techniques and procedures with a view to obtaining comparable data;
Art.18.2.d (d) to exchange appropriate scientific and technical data, information and experience, on a regular basis;
Art.18.2.e (e) whenever appropriate, to consult and assist each other with regard to measures for the implementation of this Agreement.
Art.18.3 (3) In applying the principles of cooperation and coordination set forth above, the Contracting Parties shall forward to the Secretariat
Art.18.3.a (a) Information of assistance in the monitoring of the biological status of the natural living resources of the Region;
Art.18.3.b (b) Information, including reports and publications of a scientific, administrative or legal nature and, in particular information on measures taken by the Parties in pursuance of the provisions of this Agreement; .
Art.18.3.b.ix the status of species included in Appendix 1;
Art.18.3.b.iix any other matter to which the Conference of the Parties may give special priority.
Art.19 ARTICLE 19
Art.19.1 (1) Contracting Parties that share natural resources shall cooperate concerning their conservation and harmonious utilization, taking into account the sovereignty, rights and interests of the Contracting Parties concerned in accordance with generally accepted principles of international law.
Art.19.2 (2) To that end, they shall, in particular
Art.19.2.a (a) cooperate with a view to controlling, preventing reducing or eliminating adverse environmental effects which may result in one Contracting Party from the utilization of such resources in another Party;
Art.19.2.b (b) endeavour to conclude bilateral or multilateral agreements in order to secure specific regulations of their conduct in respect of the resources concerned;
Art.19.2.c (c) as far as possible, make environmental assessments prior to engaging in activities with respect to shared natural resources which may create a risk of significantly affecting the environment of another sharing Contracting Party or other sharing Contracting Parties;
Art.19.2.d (d) notify in advance the other sharing Contracting Party or the other sharing Contracting Parties of pertinent details of plans to initiate, or make a change in, the conservation or utilization of the resource which can reasonably be expected to affect significantly the environment m the territory of the other Contracting Party or Contracting Parties;
Art.19.2.e (e) upon request of the other sharing Contracting Party or sharing Contracting Parties, enter into consultation concerning the above-mentioned plans;
Art.19.2.f (f) inform the other sharing Contracting Party or other sharing Contracting Parties of emergency situations or sudden grave natural events which may have repercussions on their environment;
Art.19.2.g (g) whenever appropriate, engage 1. joint scientific studies and assessments, with a view to facilitating cooperation with regard to environmental problems related to a shared resource, on the basis of agreed data.
Art.19.3 (3) Contracting Parties shall especially cooperate together and, where appropriate, shall endeavour to cooperate with other Contracting Parties, with a view to
Art.19.3.a (a) the conservation and management of
Art.19.3.a.ix border or contiguous protected areas;
Art.19.3.a.iix shared habitats of species listed in Appendix 1;
Art.19.3.a.iiix shared habitats of any other species of common concern;
Art.19.3.b (b) the conservation, management and, where applicable regulation of the harvesting of species which constitute shared resources
Art.19.3.b.ix by virtue of their migratory character, or
Art.19.3.b.iix because they inhabit shared habitats.
Art.20 ARTICLE 20
Art.20.1 (1) Contracting Parties have in accordance with generally accepted principles of international law the responsibility of ensuring that activities under their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment or the natural resources under the Jurisdiction of other Contracting Parties r f areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.
Art.20.2 (2) In order to fulfill this responsibility Contracting Parties shall avoid to the maximum extent possible and reduce to the minimum extent possible adverse environmental effects of activities under their Jurisdiction or control, including effects n natural resources, beyond the limits of their national jurisdiction.
Art.20.3 (3) To that effect, they shall endeavour
Art.20.3.a (a) to make environmental impact assessment before engaging in any activity that may create a risk of significantly affecting the environment or the natural resources of another Contracting Party or the environment or natural resources beyond national jurisdiction;
Art.20.3.b (b) to notify in advance the other Contracting Party or Contracting Parties concerned of pertinent details of plans to initiate, or make a change in, activities which can reasonably be expected to have significant effects beyond the limits of national Jurisdiction;
Art.20.3.c (c) to enter into consultation concerning the above-mentioned plans upon request of the Contracting Party or Contracting Parties in question;
Art.20.3.d (d) to inform the Contracting Party or Contracting Parties in question of emergency situations or sudden grave natural events which may have repercussion beyond national jurisdiction.
Art.20.4 (4) Contracting Parties shall, in particular, endeavour to refrain from actions which might directly or indirectly adversely affect wildlife habitats situated beyond the limits of national Jurisdiction especially habitats of species listed in Appendix I or habitats included in protected areas.
Sect.7 CHAPTER VII
Art.23 ARTICLE 23
Art.23.1x In order to facilitate communications with other Parties and the Secretariat, the Contracting Parties shall designate an appropriate national agency or institution responsible for coordinating matters arising from consultations and channeling communications between Contracting Parties or with the Secretariat.
Sect.8 CHAPTER VIII
Art.24 ARTICLE 24
Art.24.1 (1) The Contracting Parties shall cooperate in the formulation and adoption of Protocols to the Agreement, prescribing agreed measures procedures and standards for the implementation of this Agreement.
Art.24.2 (2) The Contracting Parties at a diplomatic conference, may adopt Protocols to this Agreement.
Art.24.3 (3) The Protocols of this Agreement shall be subject to acceptance and shall enter it force on the thirtieth day after the deposit with the Depositary of the Instrument, )f Acceptance of all the Contracting Parties.